Swedish history comprises more than 10,000 years and starts after the last glacial period when settlers arrived to the northern parts of the country from the east as well as from the south. Agriculture was introduced during the Stone Age. The process of creating political unity started about 1100 A.D. Over time, Sweden was influenced by other cultures such as the Germans during the middle Ages and the French in the 18th century. After winning wars against Denmark-Norway, Russia, and Poland during the 17th century, Sweden emerged as a Great Power. By the treaties of Brömsebro, 1645, and Roskilde, 1658, Sweden acquired important provinces of Denmark and Norway. Russia, Saxony-Poland, and Denmark-Norway pooled their power in 1700 and attacked the Swedish empire. In the subsequent peace treaties, the allied powers, joined by Prussia and by England-Hanover, ended Sweden's reign as a great power. From 1750 to 1850, agriculture went through a period of modernization, where it shifted gradually from village to private farm-based agriculture during the Industrial Revolution. This led to increased production but also a number of farm laborers without property. Some tried to find jobs in the towns; others left the country, mainly for America. During and after World War I, in which Sweden remained neutral, the country gained from the world-wide demand for Swedish steel, ball bearings, wood pulp, and matches. Post-war prosperity provided the foundations for the social welfare policies characteristic of modern Sweden. In 1994, a further step towards internationalism was taken, when the Swedish people decided in a referendum to join the EU.
The capital of Sweden, Stockholm, is also the country’s largest city, with more than 930,000 inhabitants. Other large cities are Gothenburg, in western Sweden (population 550,000), and Malmö (population 300,000) in the south. Uppsala and Lund are well-known university cities. The monetary unit in Sweden is the krona (plural “kronor. Sweden has yet to ratify the Euro treaty.
Sweden has among the EU’s lowest levels of national debt, low and stable inflation and a healthy banking system. But this wasn’t always the case. The Swedish economy used to suffer from low growth and high inflation, and the Swedish krona was repeatedly devalued. Sweden was also hit by a deep financial crisis in the early 1990s. Banks became unstable and two were nationalized, unemployment rose rapidly, government spending got out of control, and so did Sweden’s national debt. The road back to stability and success was not easy for Sweden. But by pursuing inventive and courageous reforms and sticking to them, Sweden has transformed its economy and stayed strong in the face of the new global recession.
Most of the weather is of a cool temperate nature yet the southern section is known to be warmer. The west coast is also warmer than the east due to the warm waters of the Gulf Stream along the west coast. The annual rainfall is moderate due to Norway’s mountains breaking the rain. Summers are fairly low in rain but August can be quite wet. Rainfalls are common in the winter season in the far south of the country. Maximum average temperatures for July are 20°C in the south and about 17°C in the north. Some hot periods do occur in summer with temperatures soaring to over 30 °C. Winters (from October to April) are harsh when temperatures can fall to -50°C. Snow can be several meters deep in the north which gives a great environment for skiing and to about 20cm to 40cm deep in the south. The following are some average temperatures for some of the main cities in Sweden.
From Abba to Ingmar Bergman to Avicii, Sweden is a major exporter of culture, and the world’s biggest exporter of pop music in relation to GDP. Another global Swedish hit in recent years has been the so-called Nordic noir literary genre, led by Henning Mankell and Stieg Larsson. Look backwards in time and you have cultural heavyweights like Bergman – widely regarded as one of the leading directors in the history of film – and August Strindberg, the respected and highly influential dramatist. There are countless opportunities to get involved in Sweden’s cultural life through the concerts, plays, gigs and exhibitions held the length and breadth of the country, year-round.
By any measure, Sweden is one of the world’s most innovative nations, and it has been called the most digitally connected economy. Swedes are early adopters of new technology and the country’s non-hierarchical society creates a fertile environment for new ideas. The Swedish government invests a higher proportion of GDP in R&D than most other nations. Generations of innovativeness have led to a long list of world-changing inventions like the three-point seatbelt, the pacemaker, the adjustable wrench and safety matches. More recent Swedish inventions include Spotify and Skype.
Why Study In Sweden?
1. CREATIVITY IS CENTRAL:
When you study in Sweden, you’re encouraged to think independently, creatively and critically. You’ll develop your ability to question the status quo by accessing information, seeking new perspectives and coming up with well-informed opinions. You’ll be free to think creatively because of the informal and non-hierarchical nature of Swedish society, where everyone is encouraged to contribute ideas and opinions.
2. COURSEWORK IS CHALLENGING – IN A GOOD WAY:
Sweden has a long and proud history of academic excellence and despite its relatively small population, its home to some of the world’s best universities. The entire Swedish higher education system is ranked as one of the best in the world, and several Swedish universities are ranked by the Times Higher Education and the Academic Ranking of World Universities as being among the world’s best.
3. SUSTAINABILITY AND THE ENVIRONMENT ARE IN FOCUS:
If you’re concerned with sustainable development for a greener future, you’ll feel right at home in Sweden. Environmental issues are high priority here, and Sweden has been named the most sustainable country in the world for its use of renewable energy (it has the highest percentage of renewable energy in the EU). Environmental thinking and sustainability are a part of all aspects of life here, including education. Studying here will give you the chance to draw on Sweden’s deep environmental experience and apply its sustainable approach to your own chosen field.
4. EQUALITY AND DIVERSITY ARE CENTRAL TO SWEDISH SOCIETY:
Swedish society is known for its inclusiveness and equality – you may have heard Sweden referred to as the most equal country in the world. It consistently places among the world’s top countries in gender equality, while lesbian, gay, and bisexual and transgender (LGBT) rights in Sweden are regarded as among the most progressive in the world.
5. YOU’LL LEARN SKILLS FOR A GLOBAL CAREER:
What’s the most important thing you’ll need for success in your career? According to a global study of CEOs, it’s creativity. And creativity is exactly what studying in Sweden will foster, along with other in-demand skills such as how to combine theory and practice, and how to navigate complex situations where there’s no easy solution.
6. THE COURSES ARE EXHAUSTIVE, GENERAL & EXTENSIVE:
I began by reading lots of scholarly articles slowly descending into writing papers, assignments and more and more like research work. Very extensive and packed! Very different from the type of education that I had in India, but quite a pleasant change. Of course, nothing came easy but that’s what the challenge is right?
7. EMPHASIS BOTH ON THEORY & PRACTICAL:
The semesters are designed in such a manner that balance is maintained between theory and practical. You would have lots of case studies, interaction sessions, research papers to read and presentations to skill. So mostly as a person too you have to be very calm, quick wittedand strong in written as well spoken English and have great soft skills!
8. VERY HELPFUL STAFF & STUDENTS:
What else could a student wish from the place they study? As much as the administrative staff is helpful so are the students too. There is hardly any sort of nasty ‘competition’ brewing among the students here and they reach out to help internationals who are new to the Swedish way of studying.
9. TAUGHT FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF WORKING IN SWEDEN:
My favorite point in the list. All the courses, enactments, role plays in the sessions are designed in such a way that you can relate it easily to the working life in Sweden. They prepare you for the bigger battle outside.
10. WORK AS WELL AS STUDY:
Like mentioned earlier, one of the few universities especially in Sweden which allows you to work part time. Your pocket too is pleased and so is your brain for giving it the intellectual upliftment. Double bonanza!
11. GLOBALLY RECOGNIZED & BREATHTAKING CAMPUSES:
It is no secret that the country in which the coveted Nobel Prize is given has education that is of a global standard. Some of the professors have written and published their own books, and several research papers. Students as well as the professors have worked, lived and travelled a lot abroad, studying as well as working bringing to the lectures a very diverse and global feeling.
12. NO LANGUAGE BARRIER:
It is very good if you can manage to speak some Swedish to later on cope up with the corporate bandwagon but even if you don’t, there is no problem. Everybody speaks very good business English in Sweden and the articles too have strong English vocabulary. You might want to brush up your English speaking skills before you join the Masters/ doctorate programs.
- Your passport, valid for the duration of your studies plus one month.
- Two Photograph (With White Background)
- A letter of acceptance from a Swedish educational institution confirming name and length of the program, tuition fees, living expenses, semester for which the admission is valid and last date for registration.
- All educational documents, including marks sheets (SSC, HSC, Bachelors, Masters or other post- secondary, college, vocational or university diploma, certificate or degree).
- Proof of funds sufficient to cover your tuition and living expenses for your first year of study in Canada.
- You must provide a 3 month statement of transactions from personal bank account(s) (an original certified bank issued statement or a certified copy of passbooks), as well as fixed deposit certificates, savings certificates, PSP certificates or any other proof of savings.
- You must also demonstrate that sufficient funds will be available to support yourself during the whole duration of your program.
- Confirmation of any scholarship, grant, teaching or research assistantship including name of the providing institution or organization, amount per semester or year and duration.
- If some or the totality of your funds are provided by a sponsor (either parents or third party) you must also include:
- Notarized declaration of sponsorship. If you have more than one sponsor, a separate declaration must be provided for each sponsor. However, sponsors who are husband and wife can appear on the same declaration.
- Details of assets and income for each sponsor with supporting documents such as property documentation, land deeds, rent agreement, business license, business tax information, employment letter with salary information.
- You must also provide the income tax forms (tax assessments and tax paid receipts showing total income and amount of income tax paid) for the past two years.
- If someone other than yourself or your parents is providing funds you must include:
- Letter of explanation as to the reason why this person is assisting
- Number of persons living in this persons household
- Proof of this persons relationship to you; birth, marriage or school certificates, passport.
- Affidavits or self-declarations are not acceptable proof of relationship.
- Proof of employment for yourself, if applicable, and your parents (employers full name, address, phone number, name of supervisor with his phone number, length of service and salary details).
- If you will be attending an educational institution in the province of Quebec you must provide a CAQ (certificate acceptation du Quebec) from the Government of Quebec.
- Your police clearance certificate and your birth certificate
- If you are under 18 years of age at the date of your departure for Canada, you must provide a notarized guardianship agreement signed by both your parents (and legal guardian) and the person who will be your guardian in Canada.
- If a consultant or a legal representative has provided you help to prepare your application or to gather the supporting documents, you should provide the details of this person (name, name of company, address and phone number). If the consultant or legal representative is located in Canada, provide his CSIC number.
- Proof of Tuition fee payment
- Visa Application forms
- 2 complete photo copy sets of all the above attested and notarized.
- Academic Requirements:
- 2 Photos
- Application procedure:
- 1 Photos
As an international student in Sweden, you’re allowed to work alongside your studies – there’s no official limitation for how many hours you can work. However, it’s important to keep your studies as your first priority – even when you don’t have many classroom hours, you’re expected to spend the equivalent of a 40-hour work week reading and working on assignments.
Most universities have careers services that can help you with finding a part-time job during your studies. Many also offer services like employer fairs, CV checks and special events with companies. Websites like Academic Work and Student Consulting can also be a good place to look for postings.
Sweden is a great place to start your career, and innovative, international companies are found throughout the country. You can apply to extend your residence permit for up to six months to search for a job or start a company, and if you receive a job offer meeting certain conditions you can then apply for a work permit. For more information on requirements and how to apply for an extension or a work permit, visit the Swedish Migration Agency’s website.
Tuition fees in Sweden
How expensive is it to study in Sweden? Yearly higher education costs in Sweden vary depending on the university and program. Tuition fees in Sweden range from approximately SEK 80,000 per year (approximately 8,300 EUR or 9,200 USD as of Oct, 2016) to SEK 130,000 (or approximately 13,000 EUR or $14,600 USD as of Oct, 2016).
All students in Sweden need to buy their own textbooks and on average spend 750 SEK/month for this purpose.
Other costs of studying in Sweden
Students usually join the local student union for a small membership fee. This gives you access to various student activities and student discounts. Fees range from SEK 50-350 per semester, depending on the union.
Like everywhere, living costs in Sweden depend on your personal lifestyle and where you live. Here’s an average monthly budget:
|Local travel:||SEK 550|
|Hobby/leisure, miscellaneous:||SEK 1,450|
|Total:||SEK 8,370 (around €815 or $925).|
The cost of healthcare for international students varies depending on whether you are an EU/EEA/Swiss citizen or not as well as the duration of your studies in Sweden.